Sustainable Urban Transport Policy

The significance of sustainable urban transport (SUT) is addressed in the Indonesia Climate Change Sectoral Roadmap, 2010 (ICCSR). The ICCSR suggested that a national urban transport policy is required to encourage the development of comprehensive urban mobility and attract investment in infrastructure for non-motorised transport (NMT). It outlines a 20-year implementation plan for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the land transport sector, which includes an implementation plan for NMT as part of the urban transport improvement measures that started in 2010 and will finish in 2030.

The main urban transport measures listed in the National Mitigation Plan (RAN-GRK) indicate an emission reduction potential Read more

Public bus systems/Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)

The costs for urban public road infrastructure development are assumed with 50 USD per year and inhabitant based on estimations of different pre-feasibility studies conducted by the Cities Development Initiative Asia (CDIA). The given costs correspond to different measures, e.g. investment in BRT infrastructure, technology for intelligent transport systems, interchange stations. It is assumed that the calculated CO2 reduction effects from the SHIFT and IMPROVE scenarios can be reached by comparable measures and with comparable costs. The total budget is estimated to amount from 1.5 to 3 bn USD per year which is used as a range to estimate the number of inhabitants who can profit from Read more

Non-motorized transport

The subsidy of fuel prices lead to low quality of public transport and poor conditions for non-motorised transport, more and more passengers tend to use private cars or motorcycles. In order to significantly improve urban transport, cities need to manage the growing transport demand (e.g. through restrictions of vehicle use, road pricing, parking management) and improve public transport and non-motorised transport infrastructure. Successful strategies always include push-and-pull measures, which means reducing the attractiveness of energy-intensive private vehicles while increasing the quality of public transport and the attractiveness of walking and cycling.

Urban transport measures are key elements of the RAN GRK (public transport Read more

Parking management & Transport demand management

The Sustainable Urban Transport Programme addresses urban transport with specific focus on passenger transport. The following measures and technologies of urban transport are foreseen: Integrated planning, parking management, informal bus-system / private vehicle regulation; public Transport system improvements (system reform, network, management, operation); Investment in energy efficient vehicles (buses); Investment in infrastructure (e.g. bus stops, pedestrian infrastructure, parking meters).

Following the decentralisation process, which began in 1999, cities have been responsible for urban transport infrastructure and services. However, most local governments lack the required expertise in integrated transport planning as well as funding to develop sustainable transport systems (public transport, infrastructure, parking management, inclusive street design). As of today, there is no Read more

Climate Change & Transport

Greenhouse gases trap heat and make the planet warmer. Human activities are responsible for almost all of the increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere over the last 150 years . Transport is one of the sectors targeted where effective public interventions are being called for to reduce CO2 emissions and where adaptation measures are needed to reduce the vulnerability to climatic changes . Currently, the CO2 emissions in the transport sector are about 30% in the case of developed countries and about 23% in the case of the total man-made CO2 emissions worldwide. There is widespread agree- ment to reduce CO2 emissions from transport by a minimum of 50% at the latest by 2050 .

The transport sector in Indonesia emitted 68 MtCO2-eq in 2005, or 23% of all energy-related emissions, with road transport consuming 91% of primary energy. Over the next 25 years, vehicle ownership is projected to more than Read more .

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