Batam is located strategically in the heart of international shipping line connecting South China Sea and Indian Ocean in Malaka Strait with only 12.5 nautical mile from Singapore. Total population in 2012 is 1.2 million spread over 1,040 km2 of mainland with good economic development: higher average growth than in the rest of the country (Regional GDP IDR 52 trillion at 2011).
Transportation system is one of important factors for economic development. Therefore Batam has focused on enhancing road network connection by strengthening the existing road and constructing new road and bridges. Out of 2200 km total road length, 85% road are already paved by asphalt as response to rapid growth motorization with 792,000 vehicle registered in 2011.
Problems and ChallengePublic transport
Travel demand in Batam is served by traditional public transport with number of taxi registered in Batam in 2011 was 2495, angkot 1655 and bus 2618. Apparently, Batam was the first Indonesian city in Indonesia that operates Transit System since 2004, which has 3 corridors out of 10 planned corridors. The number of passengers increased from 350.000 in 2007 to 544.000 in 2012. However, some problems occurs and requires attention: no dedicated lane so the system still uses the same lane as other, no specific organization to manage the system, old age vehicle that is still used from 2005 and limited corridor. Therefore, reorganizing and enhancing public transport system in Batam are considered necessary to fulfil transport demand.
Pedestrian facility in Batam is concentrated in the city centres and business center as well as government offices, i.e. Jodoh area and Batam Center. The remaining area is still unconnected by well-designed pedestrian facility that allows people to walk conveniently over the city.
Similar with pedestrian facility, cycling is at the moment not considered important so that less facilities are provided for cyclist. However, recently, the government of Batam has planned to provide 15 km bike lane along Sekupang Port to Nagoya Hills aiming to accommodate tourists arrived from Singapore. In addition, Dinas Perhubungan Kota Batam has also attempted to develop a green lane dedicated for cyclist with total length of 78.32 km.Parking
Batam has introduced off-street parking zones in the city mainly in business centres even though the tariff remains low. While the rest of the city applies on-street parking, which is managed by UPT Parkir and contributing $282,940 to the revenue in 2013. Increasing number of vehicle may cause future problem in providing parking space due to increasing travel demand. Necessary actions should be considerably taken into account to anticipate future demand.